What is transformer and how it works?
Industrial Electric Transformer Manufacturer-Prisource
A transformer is an electrical device that transfers electrical energy between two or more circuits through electromagnetic induction. Electromagnetic induction produces an electromotive force across a conductor which is exposed to time varying magnetic fields. Commonly, transformers are used to increase or decrease the voltages of alternating current in electric power applications.
A transformer is based on a very simple fact about electricity: when a fluctuating electric current flows through a wire, it generates a magnetic field all around it. The strength of the magnetism is directly related to the size of the electric current. The bigger the current, the stronger the magnetic field. Now there's another interesting fact about electricity too. When a magnetic field fluctuates around a piece of wire, it generates an electric current in the wire. So if we put a second coil of wire next to the first one, and send a fluctuating electric current into the first coil, we will create an electric current in the second wire. The current in the first coil is usually called the primary current and the current in the second wire is the secondary current. What we've done here is pass an electric current through empty space from one coil of wire to another. This is called electromagnetic induction because the current in the first coil causes a current in the second coil. We can make electrical energy pass more efficiently from one coil to the other by wrapping them around a soft iron bar.